Zonguldak and TTK

2011-08-14 18:37:00

                Section 1: INTRODUCTION                 Zonguldak, with Turkey Coal Association inside, (Türkiye Taşkömürü Kurumu) is one of the most important cities in Turkey especially due to its contribution to state economy and its great role in the industrial and social progress of both Ottomans and Turks from the 19th century. Although it is assumed that coal mining in Zonguldak region was started in 1848  TTK is established in 19th October 1983 when Ereğli Coal Operation which has already was bound to Turkey’s Coal Operation was converted into a separate directorship. This great corporation where its center locates in Zonguldak, carries out operations in 5 separate region (Armutçuk, Kozlu, Karadon, Üzülmez and Amasra). (As the very nature of the paper prones us not to go behind 1940’s, 1950’s considering the life span of our interviewees, we found appropriate not to go in older times while we give account for the ‘organization’).                   Until the first half of 1980s, because coal was regarded as the main energy resource, its production without any financial concerns was considerably essential that also lead that institution to be very scattered and expansive with its workshops, laboratories, coke factories, various logistic service managements, schools, hospitals, cinemas, worker dormitories, canteens, beaches and public houses (called ‘lojman’). To locate people in Zonguldak, particularly the mining engineers graduated from the eminent universities like ODTU or ITU and their families who came from different parts of Turkey, these facilities of public house life served as an appealing factor as it was thought. Starting from1930s, for example, those people... Devamı

Technical File Retention

2011-08-14 18:28:00

  Technical File Retention The Technical File The ATEX Directive 94/9/EC uses two terms; The Dossier and The Technical Documentation but common usage is the term The Technical File. (The term Technical File is not used within the IECEx Certification Scheme, but its role is fulfilled by the ExTR issued by the IECEx Certification Body.) Whether the technical file is in support of EC-Type Examination in accordance with Annex III, Internal Control of Production in accordance with Annex VIII, or Unit Verification in accordance with Annex IX, the technical requirements are the same. The difference lies in who is responsible for acceptance of the validity of the file. Historically, manufacturers of electrical equipment have been used to certification bodies, such as Baseefa, preparing the technical file for them. The file would consist of the certificate, plus the report on examinations and tests, plus the manufacturers drawings, which had usually been modified after discussion to show the relevant detail to demonstrate compliance with the standard. In contrast, the ATEX Directive presumes that the manufacturer will prepare the technical file which, for certain conformity modules, will then be validated by the Notified Body. A technical file is made up of all the documentation necessary to back up a manufacturers Declaration of Conformity with specified criteria in accordance with the ATEX Directive. This includes both a full description of the equipment and the results of the appropriate conformity assessment process. The best words to describe the purpose of a Technical File are given in Annex IX of the directive: The aim of the technical documentation is to enable conformity with the requirements of the Directive to be assessed and the design, manufacture and operation of the equipment or protective system to be understood. To this end, all three Annexes (III for Type Examination, VIII for Internal Control of Production an... Devamı

ATEX Directive 94/9/EC - Draft Questions and Answers

2011-08-13 23:13:00

APPLICATION OF THE DIRECTIVE: End of transition period for ATEX Directive 94/9/EC - Draft Questions and Answers At the ATEX Standing Committee held on 29 June 2001 the European Commission made it absolutely clear that there will be no extension to the transition period over that already prescribed. As stated, all products falling within scope of Directive 94/9/EC ("the ATEX Directive") will have to comply from the 1 July 2003. It was considered by a number of Member States that further guidance might be required for those manufacturing spare parts held in stock purchased during the transitional period for use after this period ends. On the basis of a number of questions presented, the following interpretations were discussed by the Committee. The European Commission has issued guidance, ("the Blue Guide") on the interpretation of new approach Directives, of which the ATEX Directive is one. This may be helpful in interpreting the ATEX Directive, although definitive interpretation is for a court, ultimately the European Court of Justice. The Blue Guide formed the basis for the Standing Committee's discussions on this issue. Q1 - What is meant by "Ready for Use", as used in the Blue Guide? The Blue Guide states that certain products that can be put into service after the end of the transitional period if ready for use at the time they are placed on the market. However most spare parts will require some work to install them. (ref. The Blue Guide, p.20) Each spare part must be considered in its own circumstances and it is difficult to generalise out of context. However, for spare parts which are not equipment, a protective system, a component or a device according to Article 1 of the ATEX Directive the answer is provided for at Chapter 7 of the Commission's Guidance notes to the Directive, the ATEX Guidelines, 2001 Edition. Spare parts that are not equipment, protective systems, components or devices, a... Devamı

Teknoloji Üretmek Öyle mi...?

2007-02-11 14:33:00

Sayın Tınaz TİTİZ tarafından Nisan 2006 tarihinde kaleme alınmış TeknolojiÜretmek Öyle mi? başlıklı yazıya yazıya aşağıdaki linkten de ulaşılabilir...   Karabakal http://www.tinaztitiz.com/yazi.php?id=821                                                                                            TEKNOLOJİ ÜRETMEK ÖYLE Mİ ? Gün geçmiyor ki çeşitli yayın organlarında teknoloji üretmenin anlam ve önemine değinilmesin. Zaten vatanımızı kurtaracak iki kavramdan birisi bu, diğeri de "marka olmak"tır. Bu ikinci konu giderek o hale geldi ki geçenlerde bir yabancı sanayicinin de bu kurtarma kampanyasına katılarak tam bize göre önerdiği bir çözüm yerli bir köşe yazarımız tarafından marka sektörünün bilgisine sunuldu. Sanayici aynen şöyle buyuruyordu: "marka yaratmak zorlu ve uzun bir süreçtir (bizi yakından tanıyor, bu tür süreçlere gelemeyeceğimizi iyi anlamış). Siz boşu boşuna (bu da harika; yani uğraşsanız da beceremezsiniz demeye getiriyor) uğraşmayın. Avrupada satılık (yani artık işe yaramayan) çok marka var. Verin parayı bunlardan bir tane alın". Yıllar önce bir sanayicimiz de benzer şekilde teknoloji üretimi işine çare bulmuştu: parayı bastırır, "ithal ederim"! Şimdilerde artık böyle denilmiyor, teknoloji üretmenin önemi sık sık vurgulanıyor. Hattâ çeşitli... Devamı

Global Vision

2007-09-08 13:28:00

Global Vision -- Download a 1-page overview of UL's global HazLoc services! UL's conformity assessment services for hazardous locations equipment can help you gain access to the global marketplace. Whether your product is heading for a North Atlantic oil platform, a Brazilian petrochemical facility, drilling operations on the Alaskan/Canadian oil fields or other areas, UL and its global family of companies provide in-depth knowledge and expertise to help you meet international safety requirements and obtain product export approvals. Through key national and international governmental accreditations, along with cooperative relationships with other international organizations, UL can evaluate products to the regulations and standards of other countries, and facilitate access into markets around the globe, with one product submittal. IECEx Scheme -- Download a 1-page summary of the IECEx Scheme! Through the IECEx Scheme, UL is the first HazLoc testing and certification organization in the U.S. that can provide market access into twenty-six (26) countries around the globe. These twenty-six countries include: Australia, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Romania, Russia, Serbia & Montenegro, Singapore, Slovenia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, USA. The IECEx Scheme is an international HazLoc conformity assessment scheme. The objective of this IEC Scheme is to facilitate international trade in electrical equipment intended for use in, or relating to, explosive atmospheres (commonly referred to as "Ex equipment"). This objective includes: reduced testing and certification costs to manufacturer; reduced time to market; international confidence in the product assessment process; and one international database listing. UL is represented on the IECEx Scheme’s Management Committee (ExMC) and Testing and Assessment Group (E... Devamı